Announcing a new article publication for Zoonoses journal. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the most common pathogens causing clinical mastitis in cattle, but no vaccine is available to prevent this disease in China. Therefore, development of an E. coli vaccine against bovine clinical mastitis is urgently needed. In this research, the candidate vaccine (Ch-O111-1) and challenge (LZ06) strains were screened from milk samples of cows with clinical mastitis. To extend the cross-protection of the Ch-O111-1 strain, the galE gene fragment of the Ch-O111-1 strain was deleted through homologous recombination between the Ch-O111-1 strain and pCVD442/ΔgalE plasmid, which was identified through conventional methods, including PCR, SDS-PAGE and sequencing. The Ch-O111-1/ΔgalE (Z9) strain was characterized by extensive cross-reactivity and attenuated virulence. Inactivated Z9 vaccines with different adjuvants were prepared. The results demonstrated immunization of inactivated Z9 antigen induced adjuvant-, dosage- and inoculation time-dependent antibody titers in cows and mice. Furthermore, immunization with SP01-adjuvanted inactivated Z9 vaccine protected cows against severe clinical mastitis caused by LZ06 and protected mice against death due to LZ06. An SP01-adjuvanted inactivated Z9 vaccine was successfully developed and found to protect cows against severe mastitis caused by Escherichia coli.
Keywords: mastitis, Escherichia coli, cow
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Article reference: Xinyu Li, Chongyu Tian and Hui Han et al. Development and Efficacy Evaluation of an SP01-adjuvanted Inactivated Escherichia Coli Mutant Vaccine Against Bovine Coliform Mastitis. Zoonoses. Vol. 2(1). DOI: 10.15212/ZOONOSES-2022-0039